20 mar 2019
Regulatory production in 2018


CEOE believes that the high number of bureaucratic hurdles and administrative burdens reduces economic growth and employment

CEOE’s Department of Regulatory and European Affairs has published the report  “Regulatory production 2018”, a new issue of the document it releases yearly since 2015 and that allows an analysis of the number of regulations approved at a national, regional and European level every year.

Regulatory production 2018
Regulatory production 2018

The goal is to “give more visibility to the commitment and effort that an entrepreneur has to dedicate to be up to date with the legislation in force”. According to the latest data from the Official State Gazette (BOE), in 2018 a total of 588 new standards of different ranks were approved at a national level, an increase of 13.7% in comparison to the 517 standards adopted in 2017.

However, the report states that “this output for 2018 constitutes one of the lowest in the historical series, only comparable to two preceding years, 2016 and 2017, and to 2012” and it points out that this figure may be explained by “a government term with a rather heterogeneous parliamentary spectrum, in addition to the change in government that took place at the beginning of June following the no-confidence motion”.

In contrast, 2018 was the third highest year since democracy was restored in terms of the number of Royal-Law Decrees approved.  The document highlights that “over the past year, a total of 28 were enacted, a similar figure to 2012 (29 royal-law decrees) and only widely surpassed in 1978 (37 royal-law decrees)”.

Standards with Law status (laws, legislative decrees and law decrees) passed by the Autonomous Communities and published in the corresponding regional Gazette amounted to 271 in 2018, which is a 7.1% increase in comparison to the 253 standards adopted in 2017.


Pages published in the official gazettes

The reports also states that the number of pages published in the national and regional State Gazettes was set at well over one million. Specifically, they amounted to 1,013,556 pages in 2018. The regional gazettes accounted for 709,513 pages, 4% more than the previous year, and the State Gazette for 207,163, a decrease of 7.1% in relation to 2017.


Regulatory production in the European Union

In the European Union, the number of legal acts adopted in 2018 was set at 1,902, distributed among 813 regulations, 43 directives and 1,046 decisions. Compared with the regulatory activity in the previous year, the report underlines that it represents a 9.3% decrease, taking into account that in 2017 a total of 2,097 acts were passed, of which 971 were regulations, 32 directives and 1,094 decisions.


High number of bureaucratic obstacles and administrative burdens

CEOE believes that “the Spanish regulatory framework is characterized by high density and complexity, which causes market distortions and leads to a high number of bureaucratic obstacles    and administrative burdens for economic operators”, which affects market unity in particular. CEOE believes that the existing regulation with which Spanish companies must comply is high and, in many occasions, unjustified, disproportionate and discriminatory.

“This situation forces companies to allocate significant resources to complying with the regulation in force, which erodes their competitiveness and discourages, dampens or hinders the goal of increasing their productivity ”, said the entrepreneurs. According to the report, excess bureaucracy and administrative hurdles reduce economic growth and employment.